City of Gonales

820 St. Joseph Street
Gonzales, TX 78629
(830) 672-2815
info@cityofgonzales.org

 

Gonzales EDC

 

Tour Gonzales Texas

 

Welcome to Gonzales!
Gonzales is the home to the "Come and Take It" Cannon & the place where Texas' battle for independence began!

History
Gonzales is one of the earliest Anglo-American settlements in Texas, the first west of the Colorado River. It was established by Empresario Green DeWitt as the capital of his colony in August 1825. DeWitt named the community for Rafael Gonzáles, governor of Coahuila y Tejas.

The original settlement was abandoned in 1826 after two American Indian attacks. It was rebuilt nearby in 1827. The town remains today as it was originally surveyed.

Gonzales is most famous because it was the site of the first skirmish of the Texas Revolution. In 1831, the Mexican government gave the settlers a small cannon for protection against Indian attacks. At the outbreak of settler hostilities, a contingent of Mexican soldiers was sent from San Antonio to retrieve the cannon. On 2 October 1835, Texians under the command of John H. Moore confronted them. The Texians had fashioned a flag with the words "Come and take it". The Texians successfully resisted the federal troops in what became known as the Battle of Gonzales.

Gonzales later contributed thirty-two men from the Gonzales Ranging Company to the ill-fated defense of the Alamo. It was to Gonzales that Susanna Dickinson, widow of one of the Alamo defenders, and Joe, the slave of William B. Travis, fled with news of the Alamo massacre. General Sam Houston was here organizing the Texas army and anticipated the town would be the next target of General Antonio López de Santa Anna and the Mexican army. He had the town burned and ordered a retreat, thus precipitating the Runaway Scrape.

The town was derelict immediately after the Texas Revolution, but was eventually rebuilt on the original site throughout the early 1840s. By 1850, it had a population of 300.

Demographics

City

County

Total Population

7,237

19,807

Average Age

35

36

Total Household

2,503

7,113

Total Housing Units

2,814

8,526

Average Household Income

$33,123



 

 

 

Gonzales Location